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As the elected Student Senate, we establish this Constitution for the Student Government Association of Mississippi College, building upon the foundation laid by the previous Constitution, in order to expound upon the existing practices that define our system of governance. The Student Government Association shall serve as a liaison between the students and the administrators, faculty, and staff of Mississippi College by advocating the proposals for advancement made by the Student Senate, in accordance with Senate procedure. The Student Government Association shall also exist to promote student welfare by providing opportunities for extracurricular student interaction and by exercising the authority to make judgments regarding student violations of campus rules.

Article I

Section 1. The name of this governing organization shall be the Student Government Association of Mississippi College.

Section 2. All officially registered undergraduate students of Mississippi College shall be
represented by the elected and appointed officials of the Student Government Association.

Section 3. The Student Government Association shall be divided into spheres of power, which shall consist of the Student Senate, the officers of each class, and the Executive Council and respective boards and appointments. These spheres of power shall have both separate and overlapping jurisdiction, according to the provisions of this Constitution. No person may serve simultaneously in more than one office, either elected or appointed, of the Student Government Association.

Article II: Student Senate

Section 1. The legislative powers of the Student Government Association shall be vested in the Student Senate, operating under Robert's Rules of Order.

Section 2. The Student Senators shall be the elected representatives from each academic class, and from each class, there shall be nine Senators. The highest ranking officer of each class shall serve as a tenth representative from his or her class in the Student Senate. Two additional Senators shall be first-time, incoming transfers. Two additional Senators, appointed by the President of the Student Senate, with the approval of the Student Senate, shall serve as international Student Senators.

Section 3. Student Senators shall be elected annually. A student is eligible for election to the Student Senate if he or she has a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.50 at the time of the election.

Section 4. The Student Senate shall elect officers annually during the fall semester. The Student Senate shall nominate candidates and elect from these a President Pro Tempore, Sergeant-at-Arms, Chaplain, and Reporter. In addition to these elected officers, the President of the Student Senate shall appoint a Parliamentarian, with the approval of the Student Senate. No Senator shall be eligible to serve as President Pro Tempore or Parliamentarian unless he or she has previously served one full term, consisting of two full semesters in the Student Senate. The Vice President of the Student Government Association and the Secretary of the Student Government Association shall hold office in the Student Senate.

1. The Vice President of the Student Government Association shall be the President of the Student Senate. He or she shall preside over Student Senate meetings and shall be responsible for the management of the Student Senate committees and for all discretionary decisions which shall arise relating to the internal functioning of the Student Senate and also those relating to Student Senate relations with other campus organizations. He or she shall cast the deciding vote in the instance of a tie vote during a Student Senate meeting. The President of the Student Senate shall have the authority to expel any Senator who has accumulated two absences from Student Senate meetings within a semester. He or she shall fill any vacancy in the Student Senate, following the order of votes received by candidates on the ballot in the previous election. In the event that no Senator can be appointed by means of the previous election ballot, the President of the Student Senate shall appoint a Senator, with the approval of the Student Senate, to fill the vacancy from the appropriate academic class. The President of the Student Senate shall also appoint, with the approval of the Student Senate, two international Student Senators.

2. The Secretary of the Student Government Association shall be the Clerk of the Student Senate. He or she shall attend all Student Senate meetings and shall maintain a record of minutes, including a record of attendance and roll call voting.

3. The President Pro Tempore of the Student Senate shall preside over Student Senate meetings in the absence of the President of the Student Senate.

4. The Sergeant-at-Arms of the Student Senate shall maintain order during Student Senate meetings and shall escort any disruptive Student Senators from the Student Senate Chamber. He or she shall lead the Pledge of Allegiance to the American flag at the beginning of each Student Senate meeting.

5. The Chaplain of the Student Senate shall lead the Student Senate in prayer at the beginning of each Student Senate meeting.

6. The Reporter of the Student Senate shall publish recent legislation to the student body.

7. The Parliamentarian of the Student Senate shall assist the President of the Student Senate concerning matters of Student Senate protocol. He or she shall be responsible, in coordination with the President of the Student Senate, for ensuring that all members of the Student Senate conduct business in accordance with the stated rules.

Section 5. The duties of the Student Senate shall be as follows:

1. The Student Senate shall meet on a weekly basis during the academic year, as scheduled by the President of the Student Senate.

2. Student Senators shall draft proposed legislation and either approve or reject each bill or resolution brought before the Student Senate. Should the President of the Student Government Association veto a piece of legislation approved by the Student Senate, the Senate shall have the power to override this veto by a two-thirds vote of those members present and voting. Should the Student Senate exercise this power and override a presidential veto, the piece of legislation in question shall immediately go into effect.

3. Student Senators shall be required to attend every meeting of the Student Senate. A Student Senator shall be allowed two absences per semester. If a Student Senator accumulates a third absence within one semester, the President of the Student Senate shall have authority to expel him or her for the duration of the term.

4. Student Senators shall be required to attend every meeting of their respective Senate committee, as determined by the Committee chairman. Two absences from a committee meeting shall constitute one absence from a weekly Senate meeting.

5. The Student Senate shall approve or reject appointments of the President of the Student Government Association and the President of the Student Senate. Approval of any such appointment, whether to a position within the Student Senate or to a position outside the Senate, shall require a two-thirds vote of those Senators present and voting.

6. The Student Senate shall amend, approve, or reject the Student Government Association budget at the beginning of each semester.

7. The Student Senate shall have the authority to impeach any elected or appointed official for gross negligence of duty. An individual Senator or a group of Senators may bring written charges of impeachment, to be presented in a meeting of the Student Senate, against any elected or appointed official of the Student Government Association. Should the Student Senate, by majority vote of those members present and voting, move to entertain the impeachment charges, the official in question shall be considered impeached, and the proceedings shall move directly into a trial, to be held at the following meeting of the Student Senate. The President of the Student Senate shall preside over the trial, and conviction will require a three-fourths vote of the Student Senate. In the case of the impeachment of the President of the Student Government Association or of the Vice President of the Student Government Association, the Chief Justice of the Student Government Association shall preside over the trial.

8. If convicted by the Student Senate, an elected or appointed official of the Student Government Association shall be expelled from the Student Government Association and shall forfeit his or her right to hold any future Student Government Association office.

9. Should a senator vacate his or her seat before the completion of his or her term, he or she shall communicate this decision in person to the President of the Senate, and also in writing. Failure to do so, that senator shall forfeit the right to run for the student senate the following academic year. If one who is studying abroad desires to run for Student Senate, they may do so if they return to Mississippi College the following academic year. Students who wish to run for senate and are unable to return in time for elections may send a representative to the meeting with a signed petition, so as long as all election requirements are met.

Section 6. A simple majority of the membership of the Student Senate shall constitute a quorum for conducting all business.

Article III: Class Officers

Section 1. The class officers shall have both legislative powers, as the president of each class shall serve in the Student Senate, and executive powers, as they shall assist the Executive Council with promoting the ongoing mission of the Student Government Association within their individual classes. The class officers shall be responsible for promoting the involvement of their respective classes within the Student Government Association.

Section 2. The class officers shall be elected from each academic class, and from each class, there shall be three officers: a president, a vice president, and a treasurer.

Section 3. The class officers shall be elected annually. A student is eligible for election to a class office if he or she has a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.50 at the time of the election.

Section 4. Should a vacancy arise in the class office of president, the Vice President of the Class shall serve the remainder of the term as the President of the Class and shall assume the corresponding responsibilities. Should a vacancy arise in the class offices of vice president or treasurer, the remaining class officers shall, along with the class's senate delegation, choose a suitable replacement from among the class. If a vacancy occurs during or after the month of March, this position shall not be filled for the remainder of the term. At all times, the office of President of the Class shall be filled.

Section 5. The class officers will be responsible for presenting a Plan of Action at the beginning of each semester to the Student Senate. This Plan of Action must include information about budget, as well as details of what the officers will accomplish that semester. This includes, but is not limited to, details about the homecoming float, tailgates, fundraisers and progress for senior gifts, and class events. Class officers will also be responsible for helping work election tables, the Student Council workshop in the fall, homecoming events, the scholarship dinner in the spring, and other activities deemed necessary by Executive Council, particularly by the Chief of Staff and President. It is mandatory for class officers to be at each event listed above and/or any event deemed necessary by Executive Council.

Section 6. The class officers shall fulfill their responsibilities to their classes as established by precedent or as specified by a member of the Executive Council. Class officers must meet with the Chief of Staff of Executive Council once a month.

1. The President of the Class shall serve as the tenth Senator from the class in the Student Senate and shall direct class activities. The President shall also be responsible for communicating with the class officers, senators, and all other class members regarding class activities and events. He or she must plan for their class's senior gift that will be given at the end of senior year. The President must also meet with the SGA President and Chief of Staff on a monthly basis to discuss the progress of the class officers in their Plan of Action for each semester.

2. The Vice President of the Class shall serve in the capacity of President of the Class in the absence of the president or in the event that the office of president becomes vacant. He or she shall also assist the President of the Class in organizing class activities. The Vice-President will oversee the class tailgate and homecoming float. He or she must plan a class event each year and communicate this event to the class.

3. The Treasurer of the Class shall be responsible for understanding and maintaining the class budget. He or she is in charge of organizing class fundraisers for senior gift and other funds. They must also present the budget portion of the plan of action to the Student Senate each semester. The treasurer must also prepare an end of the year report to pass to the next treasurer of the class. He or she is responsible for meeting with the Executive Council treasurer on a monthly basis.

Section 7. If the class officers fail to meet the requirements set forth by the Constitution and/or carry out their Plan of Action each semester, each officer is subject to impeachment by the Student Senate. Executive Council, particularly Chief of Staff, is responsible for evaluating the progress of the class officers in their Plan of Action throughout each semester. In the event of unique circumstances, the Executive Council Chief of Staff may allow extensions or modifications of the Plan of Action.

Article IV: Executive Council

The Executive Council shall consist of seven elected positions and one appointed position and shall function as a unit, within the Student Government Association, to facilitate the implementation of bills and resolutions approved by the Student Senate and the President of the Student Government Association, and within the student body, to promote extracurricular student interaction. All members of the Executive Council shall be vested with the power and charged with the obligation to execute their roles, in regards to both the council and the student body, in accordance with the specifications of the Constitution for the Student Government Association of Mississippi College. Members of the Executive Council shall have overlapping powers, as specified in their respective sections of the Constitution, and they shall execute these powers both in their individual capacities and as members of an overarching governing body. Executive Council members must be in good judicial standing with the institution.

Section 1. The executive powers of the Student Government Association shall be vested in the President of the Student Government Association, who shall be assisted by the following seven officials: Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer, Chairperson of the Campus Activities Board, Chief Justice, Christian Development Chairperson, and Chief of Staff. These eight members shall comprise the Executive Council, and the President shall be the head of this council.

Section 2. The President of the Student Government Association shall be elected annually. A student is eligible for election to the presidency if he or she has a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.75 at the time of the election. The president must have completed a minimum of eighty-four hours of credit by the end of the semester during which he or she takes office. The president must also have served a minimum of one term, or two full semesters, as a member of any branch of the Student Government Association before taking office.

The duties and privileges of this office shall be as follows:

1. To serve as the functional head of the Executive Council.

2. To serve the other seven members of the Executive Council by endeavoring to aid them with their specified duties.

3. To appoint within 60 days of taking office, with the approval of the Student Senate, all members of the Presidential Cabinet. The president may remove any member of the Presidential Cabinet for just cause without the consent of the Student Senate.

4. To appoint the Chief of Staff of the Student Government Association. The president-elect shall appoint his or her chief of staff during the month of April, and the Student Senate, either in a regular or special meeting, shall approve or reject this appointment.

5. To attend the weekly meetings of the Student Senate.

6. To address the Student Senate at his or her pleasure, with the exception that he or she shall not be allowed to address the Senate once the body has begun discussion on an item of business and before the body has concluded discussion.

7. To review all legislation, both bills and resolutions, approved, either passed or adopted, by the Student Senate, and to respond to these by either signing or vetoing these pieces of legislation in their entirety. Should the president neither sign nor veto a piece of legislation within fourteen days of its approval by the Student Senate, the piece of legislation in question shall go into effect. Should the president choose to veto a piece of legislation, he or she must submit a written report of his or her action to the Student Senate at the following regular meeting.

8. To faithfully implement any legislation, which has been approved by the Student Senate and which he or she has signed, involving the execution of power within his or her sphere, as delineated in the Constitution.

9. To serve both the student body and the Student Senate by calling any special meetings of either group, as he or she deems necessary.

10. To serve as a visible representative of both the student body and the Student Government Association by complying with requests from the administration to represent Mississippi College at school and public events.

11. To work both dates of the Student Council Leadership Workshop in the Fall.

12. To establish and publicize set office hours of at least one hour per week.

Section 3. The Vice President of the Student Government Association shall be elected annually. A student is eligible for election to the vice presidency if he or she has a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.75 at the time of the election. The vice president must have completed a minimum of fifty-four hours of credit by the end of the semester during which he or she takes office. The vice president must also have a served a minimum of one term, or two full semesters, as a member of the Student Senate before taking office.

The duties and privileges of this office shall be as follows:

1. To serve in the capacity of President of the Student Government Association in the absence of the president or in the event that the office of president should become vacant.

2. To preside over the Student Senate.

3. To act as a liaison between the Student Senate and the administration. This shall include the submission to a designated university administrator, all of the legislation that has passed the student senate, and has been signed by the Student Government Association President.

4. To preside over the trial of an impeached official of the Student Government Association, save the instance that the impeached official is he or she or is the President of the Student Government Association.

5. To oversee and assist the secretary in keeping an accurate and complete archive of the records of the proceedings of the Student Senate, for the year of his or her term, including the cataloguing of all approved legislation and minutes.

6. To work both dates of the Student Council Leadership Workshop in the Fall.

7. To establish and publicize set office hours of at least one hour per week.

Section 4. The Secretary of the Student Government Association shall be elected annually. A student is eligible for election to the secretary office if he or she has a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.75 at the time of the election. The secretary must have completed a minimum of fifty-four hours of credit by the end of the semester during which he or she takes office. He or she must have served on Senate for at least one term, or two semesters. He or she must have a working knowledge of office productivity software. He or she must also be responsible for or delegate all graphic design needs of Executive Council.

The duties and privileges of this office shall be as follows:

1. To serve as the Clerk of the Student Senate and, in this capacity, to maintain an accurate record of the minutes, including attendance and roll call voting. As the Clerk of the Student Senate, the secretary shall be required to submit the written record of the minutes of each Student Senate meeting for correction and approval by the Student Senate.

2. To preserve and publish an accurate and complete archive of the records of the proceedings of the Student Senate, for the year of his or her term, including the cataloguing of all approved bills and resolutions.

3. To conduct all official correspondence – social media, campus email, Student Government Association website maintenance, and other means of outreach to campus – of the Student Government Association.

4. To publicize all Student Government Association elections and campus activities.

5. To work both dates of the Student Council Leadership Workshop in the Fall.

6. To establish and publicize set office hours of at least one hour per week.

Section 5. The Treasurer of the Student Government Association shall be elected annually. A student is eligible for election to the treasurer office if he or she has a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.75 at the time of the election. The treasurer must have completed a minimum of fifty-four hours of credit by the end of the semester during which he or she takes office.

The duties and privileges of this office shall be as follows:

1. To be responsible for all funds of the Student Government Association and to maintain records of all receipts, pay orders, and disbursements of the Student Government Association’s funds.

2. To work alongside athletics in raising support for Mississippi College's philanthropy.

3. To work alongside Student Senate to manage and delegate funds from the Campus Improvement Fund and the Campus Organization Fund throughout their term.

4. To report progress of fundraising for Mississippi College's philanthropy and management of said accounts to the Student Senate at least twice a semester.

5. To attend the weekly meetings of the Student Senate.

6. To work both dates of the Student Council Leadership Workshop in the Fall.

7. To establish and publicize set office hours of at least one hour per week.

Section 6. The Chairperson of the Campus Activities Board shall be elected annually. A student is eligible for election to the campus activities board chairperson position if he or she has a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.75 at the time of the election. The chairperson must have completed a minimum of fifty-four hours of credit by the end of the semester during which he or she takes office.

The duties and privileges of this position shall be as follows:

1. To plan, coordinate, and execute all Student Government Association events.

2. To assemble a board of no more than thirty members to aid him or her in carrying out his or her responsibilities. These committee members must have a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.50 at the time of their appointments.

3. To oversee and plan the annual SGA Alumni Homecoming Reception. This includes, but is not limited to, contacting alumni, sending invitations, and coordinating with the SGA Treasurer for expenses related to the reception.

4. To attend the weekly meetings of the Student Senate.

5. To work both dates of the Student Council Leadership Workshop in the Fall.

6. To establish and publicize set office hours of at least one hour per week.

Section 7. In addition to carrying out their executive functions, the Chief Justice of the Student Government Association shall also serve the student body by carrying out his or her respective judicial functions in the Student Government Association. The Chief Justice of the Student Government Association shall be elected annually. A student is eligible for election to the Chief Justice position if he or she has a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.75 at the time of the election. The chief justice must have completed a minimum of eighty-four hours of credit by the end of the semester during which he or she takes office. The Chief Justice must also have served a minimum of one term, or two full semesters, on the Judicial Board before taking office.

The duties and privileges of this position shall be as follows:

1. To assess the constitutionality of all action taken by the Student Government Association and to establish definitive interpretations of the Constitution for the Student Government Association of Mississippi College.

2. To appoint a Student Judiciary Council not to exceed ten members via application , to be approved by the Student Senate and the appropriate administrator. This council must contain a minimum of three females and three males and must represent each academic class.

3. The function of this council is to aid the Chief Justice in carrying out his or her responsibilities. The council members must have a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.50 at the time of their appointment.

4. To preside over all meetings of the Student Judiciary Council.

5. To establish the rules of procedure for the meetings of the Student Judiciary Council.

6. To attend a hearing for any student in violation of Mississippi College rules, and, in the event that this student is found guilty as charged, to recommend disciplinary action to the appropriate authorities.

7. To provide a hearing for any student wishing to appeal his or her case from the first Student Judicial Council hearing.

8. To preside over the trial in the event that the President of the Student Government Association or the Vice President of the Student Government is impeached.

9. To administer the oath of office to the Executive Council-elect and to the Student Senators.

10. To plan and oversee all election events including, but not limited to, the Executive Council debates, the coordination of candidates attending Club and Tribe meetings, working alongside the Elections Commissioner and CAB in planning the Executive Council election day, and organizing the SGA reveal party.

11. To fulfill their role as a member of the Executive Council, and in so doing be responsible for the enforcement and maintenance of the Constitution and Bylaws of the other members of the Executive Council.

12. To attend both dates of the Student Council workshop in the Fall.

13. To attend the weekly meetings of the Student Senate.

Section 8. The Christian Development Coordinator of the Student Government Association shall be elected annually. A student is eligible for election to Christian Development Coordinator if he or she has a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.75 at the time of the election. The Christian Development Coordinator must have completed a minimum of fifty-four hours of credit by the end of the semester during which he or she takes office.

The duties and privileges of this office shall be as follows:

1. To serve as the advocate of the student body to the Office of Christian Development.

2. To assist the Office of Christian Development staff in engaging the campus for the cause of Christ and giving student input while working alongside and serving in areas such as events, activities, conversations, spiritual emphasis, and the on-going work of the ministries of Mississippi College.

3. To attend the weekly meetings of the Student Senate.

4. To attend both dates of the Student Council workshop in the Fall.

5. To establish and publicize set office hours of at least one hour per week.

Section 9. The Chief of Staff shall be appointed annually by the President. A student is eligible for appointment to the Chief of Staff position if he or she has a cumulative grade point average of at least 2.75 at the time of appointment. The Chief of Staff must have completed a minimum of fifty-four hours of credit by the end of the semester during which he or she takes office. By nature of this position, the duties assigned change with every administration and adjust with the needs of the individual presidents and executive councils. However, the Chief of Staff will always have the following responsibilities:

1. To assist the President in whatever capacity he or she requires for the efficient execution of his or her duties.

2. To oversee and ensure the tasks designated to the Presidential Cabinet and organize a monthly meeting with the members of the cabinet as well as the president.

3. To work alongside and oversee the Election Commissioner and his or her committee throughout the elections process.

4. To meet monthly and relay responsibilities to class officers.

5. To attend and assist with all on-campus, class-sponsored events.

6. To attend both dates of the Student Council workshop in the Fall.

7. To establish and publicize set office hours of at least one hour per week.

8. To attend the weekly meetings of the Student Senate.

Section 10. In the event that any Executive Council office is vacated, the President of the Student Government Association shall call a special election to fill the office in question. Should a vacancy arise in the office of President of the Student Government Association, the Vice President of the Student Government Association shall assume the office and responsibilities of the presidency for the remainder of the term. The new president shall immediately call a special election to fill the office of vice president.

Section 11. Those elected to the Executive Council shall take office on the first day of May following their election and shall serve for one year.

Article V: Amendments to the Constitution

Section 1. Any amendment to the Constitution for the Student Government Association of Mississippi College, in order to be ratified, shall necessitate a three-fourths vote of the members of the Student Senate present and voting. Once approved by the Student Senate, the amendment shall go before the student body for approval, and ratification shall require three-fifths of the votes cast by the student body. Any amendment approved by the Student Senate must go before the student body within thirty academic days of its approval by the Senate.

Section 2. Amendments to the Constitution for the Student Government Association of Mississippi College, to be voted upon by the student body, shall be posted in a public area prior to the vote and at the polling location on the day of the vote.

Section 3. Any amendment to the Constitution for the Student Government Association of Mississippi College, once ratified, shall take effect immediately.

Section 4. Amendments to the Constitution for the Student Government Association of Mississippi College shall not affect any person who took office under the Constitution prior to the amending in question.

Article VI: Hierarchy of Documents

Section 1. The Constitution for the Student Government Association of Mississippi College shall take precedence over the Bylaws for the Student Government Association of Mississippi College and any past or future legislation approved by the Student Senate.

Article VII: Ratification of the Constitution

Section 1. This Constitution for the Student Government Association of Mississippi College shall be approved by a three-fourths vote of the members of the Student Senate present and voting. Once approved by the Student Senate, this Constitution shall go before the student body for approval, and ratification shall require three-fifths of the votes cast by the student body.

Section 2. This Constitution for the Student Government Association of Mississippi College shall be posted in a public area prior to the ratification vote of the student body and at the polling location on the day of the vote.

Section 3. This Constitution for the Student Government Association of Mississippi College shall, once ratified, take effect 1 May 2007 A.D.

November 2016 Proposed Changes, Approved by Student Senate